Being aware of the bed bug life cycle can help you in your efforts to combat bed bugs at home or on holidays.
When you suspect the presence of bed bugs at home or in a hotel room, you should firstly examine your mattress and bedding for signs of these wingless, reddish-brown insects. As part of the bed bug life cycle bed bugs shed their outer shell leaving tell tale signs of bed bugs.
Look for bed bug eggs as well as the bed bugs themselves, but keep in mind that bed bugs vary in size depending on where they’re at in their life cycle.
Bed bug eggs
Bed bug eggs are shorter than a millimetre in length, so it can be very difficult to see them with the naked eye. They’re white and grain-like in appearance, about the same size as a couple of flecks of salt, and they’re laid where the bed bugs harbour.
Baby bed bugs
Don’t be fooled by their size: baby bed bugs can and will bite you just as easily as their adult counterparts do.
When bed bug eggs hatch, baby bed bugs, also known as nymphs, will pass through five distinct life stages before maturing to adulthood.
Nymphs need one blood meal in order to “molt” to the next life stage, becoming larger with each stage. The full bed bug life-cycle process can take as little as 5 weeks and as long as 4-6 months.
FACT: Bed bugs are nocturnal – while you’re fast asleep, they’re wide awake!
Adult bed bugs
The adult life span is anywhere from 4-6 months to 18 months, so these little critters live for a very long life. Females can lay between 1 and 5 eggs each day – one of the reasons why these bugs can be so difficult to get rid of.
FACT: female bed bugs can lay up to 500 eggs in a lifetime.
How to get rid of bed bugs
It’s very easy to get rid of bed bugs without hiring expensive pest controllers who spray toxic chemicals throughout your home. Check out our 5 easy and effective tips for getting rid of bed bugs.
FACT: some bed bugs can live for 18 months without feeding.
Need to treat your bed bug rash?
You often don’t realise you have bed bugs until you wake up with an itchy and uncomfortable bed bug rash. Learn about some simple options to treat bed bug rash here.